"A legendary teacher who has sown the seeds of modern dance with a rare and inspired dedication." - Capezio
Thank you for visiting our website. The Martha Hill Dance Fund was established to honor, perpetuate, and reward Martha Hill’s commitment to dance education and performance internationally. As an educator, administrator, artistic director, and visionary for dance as a performing art, Martha Hill established an unprecedented standard for excellence in the field.
Martha Hill was born in East Palestine, Ohio on December 1, 1900. She attended the Battle Creek Normal School of Physical Education in Battle Creek, Michigan, graduating in 1920. She took over the position of dance instructor, teaching ballet and Swedish gymnastics for the next three years. In 1923, she was hired as dance instructor at Kansas State Teachers College. Hill taught there for three years, moving to New York City in 1926.
After arriving in New York, she studied with various dance teachers; one of note was Martha Graham who would have a lasting impact on Hill. She was hired in 1927 as Assistant Professor of Dance at the University of Oregon where Bessie Schonberg was one of Hill's student.
By 1929, Hill had saved up enough money to move back to New York. She joined the Martha Graham Dance Company, completed a BS degree from Teachers College, Columbia University, and began teaching high school students at the Lincoln School of Teachers College. She was hired to teach at New York University in the Physical Education Department of the School of Education in 1930, soon becoming Director of Dance. Hill reluctantly left the Martha Graham Dance Company in 1931 because of an increasing teaching schedule. In 1932, Hill was hired by the brand new Bennington College in Bennington, VT, as Chairman of the Dance Department. She held the positions at NYU and Bennington College simultaneously until 1951. The dance theater on the Bennington campus now bears her name.
In the summer of 1934, Hill initiated a summer dance festival on the Bennington College campus, named the "Bennington School of the Dance", which ran until 1942, with a brief interlude at Mills College in 1939. Doris Humphrey, Martha Graham, Charles Weidman, and Hanya Holm were key faculty members.
Hill received her Masters degree from New York University in 1941. In 1948 she formed a School of the Dance at Connecticut College calling it the "Connecticut College School of the Dance". The new summer festival employed many of the same teachers/choreographers from the Bennington festival. Hill was a co-director of the festival until 1952. The festival was later renamed the American Dance Festival and is currently housed at Duke University in North Carolina.
In 1951, William Schuman, president of The Juilliard School, hired Hill to be the first Director of Dance. Schuman and Hill had the bold new concept of creating a training ground for dancers that would be equally split between ballet and modern dance. The original faculty included Martha Graham, José Limón, Antony Tudor, Margaret Craske, and Alfredo Corvino.
Hill married Dr. Thurston Davies in 1952. Davies died in 1961.
The recipient of awards from several organizations including the Dance Notation Bureau and Columbia University, Hill also received a special citation from Capezio.
Hill remained the director of dance at Juilliard until 1985, training generations of dancers to the highest level of technique and artistry. Her students included Paul Taylor, Muriel Topaz, Pina Bausch, Daniel Lewis, Linda Kent, Bruce Marks, Mercedes Ellington, H.T. Chen, and Laura Glenn among many others. Hill was named Artistic Director Emeritus in 1985, but continued to teach at Juilliard for several years. The school gives a graduation award in her name annually.
Martha Hill died on November 19, 1995 at her home in Brooklyn Heights, New York, two weeks before her 95th birthday.